Over Active Bladder

Introduction

Overactive bladder is the sudden and urgent need to urinate. It can be associated with other urinary symptoms including frequency, urgency, urgency incontinence. Overactive bladder is a very common condition and affects millions of people.

Symptoms

Overactive bladder is caused by the layered, smooth muscle that surrounds the bladder contracting spastically, sometimes without known cause, which results in sustained, high bladder pressure and urgent need to urinate. Normally, the muscle around the bladder contracts and relaxes in response to the volume of urine in the bladder and the initiation of urination.

Diagnosis

Risk factors for overactive bladder include infections including chronic cystitis, prostatitis, or urethritis. Also, obstructive diseases such as benign prostatic hyperplasia and uretheral strictures can predispose to overactive bladder. Finally, neurologic diseases such as Parkinson’s Disease and Multiple Sclerosis can result in overactive bladder symptoms.

Treatment

Treatment of overactive bladder ranges from pelvic floor exercises to medications. In addition, some patients who cannot be controlled with medications may benefit from percutaneous nerve stimulation, botox injections into the bladder, and/or InterStim Therapy.