Low Testosterone

Introduction
Low testosterone (low-T) means what it says: an abnormally low level of the testosterone hormone. Approximately measured, testosterone levels below 300 ng/dl are considered to be low. Other terms for low testosterone include hypogonadism and testosterone deficiency (TD).

Symptoms

  • Reduced sex drive
  • Reduced or absent orgasm
  • Reduced or absent spontaneous erections
  • Loss or reduction of body and facial hair
  • Depression
  • Size reduction of testes
  • Brest discomfort or enlargement
  • Hot flashes or sweating
  • Reduction in strength
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Memory reduction
  • Anemia
  • Osteoporosis
  • Reduced or absent sperm production (infertility)
  • Increased body fat

 

Diagnosis
Low testosterone is diagnosed by the patient’s history of symptoms and by a physical examination performed by your doctor. The physical exam is usually in the form of a blood test that can detect testosterone levels.

Treatment
Treatment for low testosterone is individualized based on the patient to treat the underlying causes of the low-T. Sometimes hormones can be supplemented and prescribed by a doctor.

Prognosis
The prognosis for patient’s suffering from low testosterone is good to fair. The prognosis depends upon the patient’s response to treatment. Patients treated for low testosterone at a late stage of the disease could suffer muscle loss or osteoporosis.

Resources
American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM)